There are several words to know when defining Diabetes:
Pancreas- A soft, crumbly organ located midway down our torso, which secretes insulin.
Insulin- The hormone that helps sugar get into your cells where it can be used.
Sugar, which is also called Glucose- The primary fuel your body uses for all its energy needs.
Diabetes Mellitus is a disease of too much glucose in the blood. There are two types of Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 and Type 2. High blood glucose levels occur in both types but eating too much sugar is not the CAUSE of either type.
Type 2 Diabetes: caused by a poorly functioning metabolism. A simplistic analogy would be to say that if you were a car, you have plenty of fuel but the fuel system is clogged.
Type 1 Diabetes: occurs when the body is unable to make insulin. Using the car analogy you would have plenty of fuel but the fuel lines are missing.
To better understand Diabetes you will need to learn about normal metabolism and what fuels are used by your body for energy.
Click here to learn what fuels your body uses for energy.
To learn how your body regulates blood sugar, click here.
To return to the Home Page from Diabetes Definition, click here.